May 21, 2024  
2018 - 2019 Catalog 
2018 - 2019 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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DH 124B - Pharmacology for Dental Hygiene II

Credits: 1

Provides information regarding drugs including origin, physical and chemical properties, methods of administration, and biological effects on the various body systems.

Prerequisite(s): DH 120 , DH 121 , DH 122 , DH 123 , DH 123L , DH 124A DH 125  and LW 206A  each with a C (2.0) minimum grade
Corequisite(s): DH 130 , DH 131 , DH 135 , LWA 206B  
Lecture Hours: 15 Lab Hours: 0
Meets MTA Requirement: None
Pass/NoCredit: No

Outcomes and Objectives 1.    Understand the effects of agents used with endocrine disorders.

     A.          Identify the effect of adrenal corticosteroids

                  1.   Glucocorticoids

                  2.   Mineralocorticoids

     B.          Identify the effects of female reproductive hormones (estrogens, progestins and their antagonists)

     C.          Male reproductive hormones (androgens, androgen antagonists)

                  1.    Insulin

                  2.    Sulfonylureas

                  3.    Biguanides

                  4.    Glitazones

                  5.    Other antidiabetic drugs

     D.          Identify the effects of antidiabetic drugs

     E.          Identify the effects of thyroid agents

                  1.     Replacement  thyroid hormone

                  2.     Antithyroid agents

                  3.     Radioactive Iodine

  2.    Understand the effects of anti-infective agents including the oral cavity. The student must be able to recognize the need for
         premedication in various cases.

     A.          Define antimicrobial agents.

     B.          List the two types of anti-infectant and how they are administered.

     C.          List the characteristic of each anti-infective.

     D.          Identify the use of anti-infective agents in dental hygiene.

     E.          Identify the common characteristics of local anti-infective agents.

     F.           List and explain the factors that influence effectiveness of anti-infective agents.

     G.          List the factors influencing the effectiveness of antibiotics.

     H.          Define:

                  1.    Bacterial resistance

                  2.    Antibiotic toxicity

     I.           List the commonly used antibiotics and their use for treatment in dentistry.

     J.          List the antiviral antibiotic and its use in dentistry.

     K.         List the antifungal antibiotic and its use in dentistry.

     L.          List the gingival retraction agents and their use in dentistry.

     M.        Explain the following interactions:

                  1.    Drug-disease interactions

                  2.    Procedure - drug interactions

                  3.    Procedure - disease interaction

                  4.    Drug - drug interactions

 3.    Understand the types of drugs that impact the immune system.

     A.          Define antihistamines and related agents

                  1.    Describe first-generation antihistamines

                  2.    Describe second-generation antihistamines

                  3.    Describe cromones (mast cell stabilizers)

     B.          Define glucocorticoids

     C.          Define immunosuppressive agents

     D.          Define cytokines and anticytokines.

4.    Understand the use of anti anxiety and sedative agents both medically and dentally. They will be able to identify the desired and
       adverse effects.

     A.          Define sedation and hypnotics.

     B.          Identify the pharmacologic effects of pharmacokinetics, precautions, and contraindications, of antianxiety and sedative agents.

5.    Understand the effects of agents used in the treatment of various conditions such as cardio vascular, neurological, ophthalmic,
gastrointestinal and conditions requiring autacoids, anti histamines, steroids and psychotherapeutics that may alter patient

     A.          List the effects of:

                  1.    Antiarrythmic agents

                  2.    Diuretics

                  3.    Anticoagulants

                  4.    Antihypertensive agents

     B.          Identify the common drug therapies used in treating the following heart related diseases:

                  1.    Heart Failure

                  2.    Hypertension

                  3.    Arrhythmia

                  4.    Antianginal

                  5.    Anticoagulant

     C.          List the drugs, rationale and use for an epileptic patient.

     D.          List the drugs, rationale and use for a patient with Parkinson's.

     E.          List the drugs, rationale and use for a patient with Alzheimer’s.

     F.          Identify the benefits, drug interactions, and potential for toxicity for gastrointestinal drugs.

                  1.    Anti-ulcer agents

                  2.    Antidiarrheal agents

                  3.    Laxatives and stoll softeners

                  4.    Antiemetics

     G.         Identify various types of drugs, the benefits and side effects of drugs used in the treatment of psychologic disorders.

     H.         List the potential interaction of antidepressants with drugs used commonly in dental practice. Identify the various opthalmic drugs.

                  1.    Glaucoma

                  2.    Mydriatics and cycloplegics

     J.          Identify the benefits and side effect of various drugs used for treatment of arthritis and gout.

     K.          Identify the benefits and side effect of various drugs used for treatment of respiratory conditions.

6.    Understand the effects of antineoplastic in the treatment of different neoplastic conditions.    

     A.          Describe the effect and side effects of various agents dental patients may be using to control a neoplasm.

     B.          Identify the alterations in dental hygiene care that may be necessary the dental treatment needed.

7.    Apply the knowledge of pharmacology in treating the pregnant patient.

     A.          State the precautions of drug use with the pregnant patient, include the rationale for these concerns.

8:    Understand the effects of agents used in the treatment of different emergency conditions.

     A.          Identify the rationale for use of the following drugs in treatment of emergency conditions:

                  1.    Epinephrine

                  2.    Sodium bicarbonate

                  3.    Hydrocortisone sodium succinate

                  4.    Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

                  5.    Aromatic spirits of ammonia

                  6.    Glycerol trinitrate (nitroglycerin)

                  7.    Morphine sulfate

                  8.    Phenylephrine hydrochloride (neo-synephrine hydrochloride)

                  9.    5% Dextrose in H2O

                  10.  Anticonvulsant (valium diazepam)

                  11.  Naloxone hydrochloride

                  12.  Isoproterenol

                  13.  Atropine

                  14.  Calcium chloride

                  15.  Ringers lactate

                  16.  Demerol (meperidine)

                  17.  Lasix

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