Oct 06, 2022  
2017-2018 
    
2017-2018 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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DH 131 - Dental Hygiene Seminar II

Credits: 1
Emphasizes the study of techniques and philosophies of treating patients with special needs.

Prerequisite(s): DH 120 , DH 121 , DH 122 , DH 123 , DH 123L , DH 124A , DH 125  and LW 206A   each with a C (2.0) minimum grade.
Corequisite(s): DH 124B , DH 130 , DH 135 , and LWA 206B .
Lecture Hours: 15 Lab Hours: 0
Meets MTA Requirement: None
Pass/NoCredit: No

Outcomes and Objectives
  1. Describe and compare the mental, physical, and oral characteristics and deficiencies of the developmentally disabled and develop dental hygeie care and patient strategies.
    1. Define the following terms:
      1. Mental Retardation (M.R.)
      2. Mental Illness (M.I.)
      3. Down's Syndrome
      4. Syndrome of Autism
      5. I.Q. and Adaptive Functioning
    2. Briefly describe the etiology of mental retardation.
    3. Compare the differences among the educable (mild), trainable (moderate), dependant (severe), and the totally dependent (profound) patient.
    4. Describe their physical and oral characteristics.
    5. List a few oral health problems relative to these special patients.
    6. Explain dietary considerations with these types of patients.
    7. Describe Dental Hygiene care and patient management for the child with cognitive disabilities.
  2. Discuss barriersto healthcare of special need patients.
    1. Describe schizophrenia and the behavior of schizophrenia.
    2. Describe the dental hygiene care and patient management for the person with schizophrenia
    3. Decribe mood disorders and patient behavior.
      1. major despression disorder
      2. bipolar disorders
      3. postpartum mood disorder
      4. anxiety disorders
    4. Explain postpartum mood disturbances.
  3. Describe the developmental or acquired disabilities, including the medical and dental characteristics, and adaptations, needed to develop dental hygiene care and patient management strategies.
    1. Describe each of the following diseases/conditions including a brief description of their characteristics:
      1. Spinal Cord Dysfunction and Injury
      2. Myleomeningocele
      3. Cerebrovascular Accident
      4. Muscular Dystrophies
      5. Myasthenia Gravis
      6. Multiple Schlerosis
      7. Cerebral Palsy
      8. Bell’s Palsy
      9. Parkinson’s Disease
      10. Arthritis
      11. Scleroderma
      12. Sensory Disorders
      13. Other
    2. Explain dental hygiene care for the patients with physical or sensory disabilities.
    3. Describe how you would teach toothbrushing techniques to a blind person and also to a partially and/or completely deaf patient. (Note: Take into consideration the disability and the psychological conditions.)
  4. Assess the geriatric patient and develop dental hygiene care and patient management strategies.
    1. Discuss the process of aging in both chronological and biologic terms.
    2. Describe the eight general physiologic changes usually found with a geriatric patient.
    3. Briefly discuss the common diseases in the elderly such as sensory impairments, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s, etc.
    4. Describe the general appearance of the following structures:
      1. lips
      2. mucous membrane
      3. tongue
      4. salivary and mucous glands
    5. List the five different characteristics of a gerodontic patient’s teeth.
    6. Describe the physical appearance of the aging periodontium.
    7. State the reason why the following items are important for a hygienist to know and understand when dealing with a gerodontic patient:
      1. insecurity
      2. depression
      3. changes in mode of life
      4. slowing of voluntary responses
      5. perception of events
      6. tendency to slow vocalization
    8. Describe the importance of a complete patient history, dietary analysis, oral inspection, and patient instruction when treating a gerodontic patient.
    9. Explain the need for a hygienist to read through the medical history with a geriatric patient.
    10. When planning appointments, list and explain four areas that should be taken into special consideration when treating the gerodontic patient. Specify some of the adaptions in approach, and procedures that may be indicated.
    11. Explain two purposes of using fluoride on gerodontic teeth.
    12. Be able to educate the patient in uilization of a denture and the denture-related oral changes.



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