Dec 06, 2022  
2019 - 2020 Catalog 
2019 - 2020 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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BIO 153W - Human Anatomy & Physiology II

Credits: 4
Instructional Contact Hours: 6

BIO 153 is a continuation of BIO 152W . Investigates the anatomy and physiology of the following systems: circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive. Includes human developmental biology and fluids and electrolytes.

Prerequisite(s): READING LEVEL 3, WRITING LEVEL 3 AND MATH LEVEL 3; BIO 152W  with a "C" (2.0) minimum grade or BIO 140W  with a "B" (3.0) minimum grade.
Corequisite(s): None
Lecture Hours: 45 Lab Hours: 45
Meets MTA Requirement: Natural Science Lab
Pass/NoCredit: Yes

Outcomes and Objectives
  1. The student will develop an understanding of the anatomy of the lymphatic system.
    1. Define and compare lymph and chyle
    2. Define lymph capillaries, vessels, ducts, and nodes
    3. List the regional groupings oflymph nodes
    4. List the three types of tonsils
    5. Describe the anatomical differences of the lymph vessels and circulatory vessels
    6. Describe how the anatomy of the capillaries, vessels, and nodes allow for their functional ability
    7. Explain the function of a lymph node and relate this to its anatomy
    8. Describe the different functional area served by each lymphatic duct
  2. The student will develop a functional understanding of the lymphatic system physiology
    1. List the functions of the lymphatic system.
    2. Describe the structure of lymphatic capillaries, vessels, thoracic duct, and right lymphatic duct and relate to flow of lymph.
    3. Describe structure of lymph node.
    4. Define edema and list several causes of edema.
    5. Describe the factors that result in lymph flow.
    6. Explain the role of the following associated organs to the lymphatic system: lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, and thymus gland.
    7. Relate how changes in exercise affects Starling's Law of Capillary and resulting lymph formation and flow.
    8. Explain how edema results from blocked lymph channels, heart malfunction, and alter capillary permeability.
  3. The student will develop an understanding of the function the innate and adaptive body defenses.
    1. Define immuncompetence and self-tolerance
    2. Define humoral immunity.
    3. Name the two major types of structures composing the lymphatic system
    4. Identify the function(s) of lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus, Peyer’s patches, and the spleen
    5. Describe the surface membrane barriers and their protective functions
    6. Explain the importance of phagocytosis and natural killer cells in nonspecific body defense.
    7. Describe the inflammatory process. Identify several inflammatory chemicals and indicate their specific roles.
    8. Name the body’s antimicrobial substances and describe their function.
    9. Explain how fever helps protect the body
    10. Define antigen and describe how antigens affect the immune system.
    11. Follow antigen processing in the body.
    12. Compare and contrast the origin, maturation process, and general function of B and T lymphocytes
    13. Describe the role of macrophages and other phagocytes.
    14. Describe the process of clonal selection of a B cell.
    15. Recount the roles of plasma cells and memory cells in humoral immunity.
    16. Compare and contrast active and passive humoral immunity.
    17. Describe the structure of an antibody monomer and its role in the activation of complement
    18. Explain the function(s) of antibodies and describe clinical uses of monoclonal antibodies
    19. Define cell-mediated immunity and describe the process of activation and clonal selection of T cells.
    20. Describe the functions of cytotoxic T cells, helper T cells, suppressor T cells and memory T cells
    21. Describe how the antigen-antibody complex destroys the antigen
    22. Differentiate between the primary and secondary response to an antigen.
  4. The student will develop familiarity with the organs of the respiratory system and its functions.
    1. Identify the major components of the respiratory system.
    2. Identify the tissues that make up the major organs of the respiratory system.
    3. Locate the major components of the respiratory system.
    4. Identify the muscles involved with quiet respiration.
    5. Identify the muscles involved with forced respiration.
    6. Discuss the functions of the major components of the respiratory system.
    7. Discuss relationship between movement of diaphragm and the volume of thoracic cavity.
    8. Discuss relationship between movement of external intercostal and the volume of thoracic cavity.
    9. Discuss relationship between movement of internal and external intercostals and rectus abdominis and the volume of the thoracic cavity.
    10. Describe the effects on the pleural cavity and lung

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