Oct 04, 2022  
2017-2018 
    
2017-2018 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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ST 230 - Surgical Anatomy

Credits: 4
Presents comprehensive regional study of human anatomy as encountered during surgery. Provides the basis for studies of surgical pathology, operative procedures and practical skills of surgical patient care.

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Surgical Technology program
Corequisite(s): ST 207 , ST 210 , ST 220 , and ST 240  
Lecture Hours: 45 Lab Hours: 45
Meets MTA Requirement: None
Pass/NoCredit: No

Outcomes and Objectives
  1. Demonstrate progress in communication and language skills, critical thinking, interpersonal/collaborative skills, and information literacy.
    1. Communicate in acceptable English and use medical terminology accurately and appropriately.
    2. Analyze data and discipline-based knowledge to formulate logical conclusions.
      1. Integrate and correlate concepts from different courses.
      2. Exhibit development of both inductive and deductive reasoning skills.
    3. Work constructively within a group, demonstrating respect and consideration for others.
    4. Demonstrate the ability to access, analyze, and use information appropriate to the discipline.
      1. Identify and access appropriate print, media, and electronic resources to expand his/her understanding of subject matter.
      2. Access web sites using URL's and hyperlinks.
      3. Paraphrase, synthesize, and summarize information gathered from multiple sources
  2. Define and appropriately use anatomical terminology.
    1. Utilize correct spelling, pronunciation, and formation of plurals.
    2. Define anatomical planes of the body or an organ.
    3. Define and demonstrate action terms and terms pertaining to anatomical relationships.
  3. Relate events in embryological development to normal and anomalous post-birth anatomy.
    1. Compare and contrast spermatogenesis and oogenesis.
    2. Describe ovarian and endometrial events during the menstrual cycle.
    3. Describe the process of fertilization and list the events that happen when fertilization occurs.
    4. Define: zygote, cleavage, morula, blastula/blastocyst and gastrulation.
    5. Describe implantation and the development of the placenta.
    6. Summarize the major events that occur during the second, third and fourth embryonic weeks.
    7. List adult organs and tissues derived from each of the three embryonic germ layers, and identify embryonic cells that persist in adult organs.
    8. Describe the development of the brain and spinal cord (including motor and sensory nerve cells) and of the ventricular system.
    9. Describe the formation of the eye, ear, face and palate.
    10. Discuss the major events in the development of the heart and major blood vessels.
    11. Trace the course of fetal circulation and explain the changes that occur at birth.
    12. Discuss the major events in the development of the respiratory system and the diaphragm.
    13. Describe the formation of pharyngeal/bronchial arches, pouches and clefts, and identify the associated nerve and/or derivatives of each.
    14. Explain the development of the abdominopelvic cavity, the fate of the yolk sac and vitelline duct, the formation of the regions of the gut tube (including vascular supply), and the derivatives of dorsal and ventral mesenteries.
    15. Describe the formation and development of the gastrointestinal tract and accessory organs.
    16. Explain the difference between primarily and secondarily retroperitoneal structures.
    17. Discuss the formation of the genitourinary system and compare the migrations of the kidney, testis, and ovary from the urogenital ridge.
    18. Trace the differentiation of the male and female reproductive tracts and genitalia and identify homologous structures.
    19. Describe the development of a limb bud, including the derivatives of dermatomes, myotomes, and lateral plate mesoderm.
    20. Differentiate the terms “embryo” and “fetus.”
    21. Discuss teratogenesis.
    22. Define the “age of viability” and differentiate it from “prematurity.”
    23. Explain the three major categories of stem cells and differentiate embryonic vs. adult stem cells.
    24. Discuss the medical applications of stem cell research, and differentiate therapeutic vs. reproductive cloning.
  4. Demonstrate knowledge about the anatomy of the scalp, skull and brain.
    1. List the layers of the scalp and discuss the clinical significance of the special characteristics of each layer.
    2. Name and locate the muscles and aponeurosis of the scalp.
    3. Explain the character of skull bone and its clinical significance.
    4. Name and locate



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