HSC 100 - Introduction to Healthcare Careers
Introduces aspects of healthcare career. Examines study strategies for success, understanding the many professional roles in healthcare. Examines concepts related to ethics, legal considerations, patient care, confidentiality, communication, safety standards and basic assessment findings promoting critical thinking.
Prerequisite(s): READING LEVEL 2
Lecture Hours: 30 Lab Hours: 0
Meets MTA Requirement: None
Outcomes and Objectives 1. Utilize study, test-taking and time management skills to successfully complete an Allied Health occupational program.
A. List successful study habits.
B. Identify variable study methods utilized to memorize, analyze, and process information.
C. Define Bloom's taxonomy.
D. Identify test-taking strategies including test analysis, stress relievers, and pre-test
E. List time management strategies.
F. Produce a weekly time schedule to include appropriate study time throughout the week.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of the elements of professional health care service.
A. Discuss public expectations of a professional.
B. Define acceptable dress code standards for a health professional involved in direct patient care.
C. Define acceptable behavior for a health professional involved in direct patient care.
D. Discuss the process for accreditation of a health educational program.
E. Differentiate between licensure, certification, and registry
F. Understand the role and function of professional organizations.
G. Demonstrate an understanding of professional development and list examples of professional development activities.
H. Discuss professionalism as it relates to social networking and list privacy identifiers that should be avoided.
1. Patient name, ID #, or birthdate
3. Exam performed
5. Facility in which exam or event occurred
6. Names of facility personnel
8. Student names
3. Discuss the concepts and terminology of legal, moral, and ethical responsibilities toward patients.
A. List ways that the Standard of Care may be determined in a court of law.
B Discuss how the principles of legal responsibility apply to a student.
C. Discuss moral and ethical responsibilities and obligations, as compared to legal precepts e.g. confidentiality and legal privilege, patient’s
request for a religious counselor vs. request for an attorney, etc.]
D. Define various legal concepts as they apply to a medical situation:
1. Dependent functions
2. Independent functions
3. Priniciple of Liability
4. Subrogation suit
5. Reasonable and prudent person
9. Contributory negligence
10. Assumption of risk
11. Good Samaritan Laws
12. Gross negligence
13. Assult and Battery
16. False imprisonment
E. Give examples of common acts of negligence in the medical setting.
4. Demonstrate understanding of concepts of the continuity of care of the patient, what is happening to the patient before, during, and
after an operation/medical procedure including the administrative or record- keeping aspects of patient care.
A. Identify the components of a pre-operative check list for preparation of a sugrical patient/medical patient.
B. Explain the meaning, purposse and limitations of “informed consent”
C. Differentiate varous types of operative permits in terms of appropriate conditions and signatories:
1. General (“blanket”) consent and limitation that can be applied
2. Consent for a minor
D. Explain the use of other types of consents or records
1. Permission for photography
2. Refusal to permit blood transfusion
3. Authorization for autopsy
4. Release for discharge against medical advice
5. As a future practitioner, demonstrate the understanding of the elements of professional health care service.
A. Discuss the credentialing mechanism and continuing education requirements for practitioner’s carrying the following credentials:
6. Explain the concept of the continuum between health behaviors and illness behaviors.
A. List and explain the elements of The Patient’s Bill of Rights.
7. Explain the relevance of HIPAA Privacy Rule within the patient care environment, including recognizing discloser criteria, patient
identifiers, and civil penalties associated with violations.
A. Examine key elements of HIPAA Privacy Rule as it pertains to covered entities within the healthcare industry
B. List three covered entities that the HIPAA Privacy Rule applies to.
C. Discuss permitted usage of patient information and required disclosures for covered entities.
D. Explore the effect increasing technology and the right of access as it applies to the HIPAA Privacy Rule.
E. Describe discloser criteria as it relates to HIPPA and patient care.
F. List typical criteria used by health care facilities to identify client.
G. Identify procedures that require patient identification
H. Discuss the implementation of the “time out” policy.
I. Identify how fines and civil penalties are applied to a HIPPA violation.
J. List what circumstances would define a HIPPA violation
K. Discuss what health care teams are bound by the HIPPA policy
8. Recognize that effective communication skills can be learned.
A. Identify and explain the importance of core nonverbal behaviors such as facial expression, body language, and eye contact.
B. Develop a set of skill, attitudes, and knowledge that allows the student to work effectively with diverse racial, ethnic, and social groups with
sensitivity and responsiveness to cultural differences.
C. Explain how a patient’s behavioral style influences the communication process.
D. Identify skills that enhance group-work.
9. Demonstrate familiarity with the organization of the U.S. health care system including regulatory agencies, facilities, financing, and
trends for the future.
A. Explain the classification of hospitals.
B. Discuss the process of hospital and specialty accreditation and understand its importance.
C. Describe the typical administrative structure of a hospital and demonstrate a basic hierarchal organization for a healthcare institution
utilizing an organizational chart.
D. Identify other types of health care facilities.
E. Identify and discuss major problems facing the health care delivery system.
F. Describe current changes/trends in medical practice including the Patient Protection and Affordable Care act and its intended purpose.
G. Identify the need for workplace safety and list agencies that govern workplace safety.
H. Differentiate between OSHA, MSDS, and MIOSHA documents and policies
I. Define the following:
3. Private payer
10. List members of the hospital care team, including the code team and compare and contrast physician’s specialties of physicians.
A. Define role expectations of the health care team as it relates to patient care
B. Differentiate Physician specialty practices
C. Discuss the difference between a physician, intern, resident and fellow.
D. Compare and contrast state and local health department services
E. Explain community- based health care versus community health.
F. Discuss safety, infection control principals, and health improvement outside of the acute care setting.
11. Identify the components and demonstrate an understanding of the components of Work Place Safety: OSHA – MSDS, MIOSHA.
A. Identify the need for work place safety.
B. List agencies that govern work place safety
C. Differentiate between OSHA, MSDS, and MIOSHA documents and policies.
12. Describe the goal of infection control.
A. Describe the procedures and types of products available for hand hygiene
B. Apply effective principles of infection control and safe handling of biohazardous materials to provide a safe environment.
C. Universal Precautions-State the basic principles and science of disease transmission with universal precautions
D. Differentiate between sterilization and disinfection
E. Describe what bacteria needs for growth and how to control their growth.
F. Describe the life cycle of viruses
13. Be aware of common monitoring and diagnostic methods, recognize deviations from normal results and, when appropriate, participate
in interventional activities.
A. Define “Vital Signs” and discuss their importance in patient monitoring.
B. Differentiate a “sign” vs. a “symptom” and give examples of each.
C. Describe and demonstrate the proper methods for measuring Vital Signs and Pain.
D. Indentify the normal adult blood pressure, ranges in blood pressure and factors that may affect it.
E. Differentiate between hypertension and hypotension.
F. List and locate the pulse (and pressure) points on the human body.
G. Identify the normal adult respiratory rate and factors that may affect the quality, rate, and rhythm of reparations.
H. Define “shock” in physiologic terms.
I. List the components of the general measures for shock.
J. Demonstrate vital sign monitoring on high fidelity simulation equipment.
K. Demonstrate the ability to respond appropriately to a change in patient condition using high-fidelity simulation.
14. Describe the importance of body mechanics.
A. The student will describe and demonstrate the general rules and body mechanics of wheelchair transfer.
B. Describe the body mechanics of patients with canes & walker
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