Aug 12, 2020
BIO 116W - Winter EcologyCredits: 2
Explores the adaptations and coping behaviors of organisms and communities to the additional stresses placed on them by winter. Includes such major topics as: weather and climate, hibernation, freezing avoidance, community changes, and behavior of animals. Includes identification of plants, animal tracks, insect galls, bird nests, and various kinds of snow conditions. Requires a weekend field trip. Student must pay own expenses.
Prerequisite(s): READING LEVEL 2, WRITING LEVEL 2 AND MATH LEVEL 2.
Lecture Hours: 30 Lab Hours: 0
Meets MTA Requirement: None
Outcomes and Objectives
- Participate in the process of science.
- Make observations
- Design experiments.
- Conduct experiments.
- Formulate and test hypotheses.
- Collect data.
- Analyze data.
- Draw Conclusions
- Report results.
- Explain the evaluation and revision process of science.
- Work collaboratively with classmates.
- Participate in field activities with 1-3 classmates.
- Share the workload of small group activities.
- Share the responsibility of acquiring, cleaning and putting away laboratory and field equipment.
- Share ideas and respectfully receive the ideas of classmates.
- Competently communicate about environmental topics.
- Read critically.
- Write effectively.
- Listen actively.
- Speak effectively.
- Develop and interpret graphs and flow charts.
- Compile a log of activities and impressions obtained in outdoor settings in winter.
- Demonstrate the ability to think critically.
- Integrate concepts.
- Solve problems.
- Draw logical conclusions.
- Make predictions based on experience.
- Identify trends and patterns.
- Distinguish between simple correlation and cause-and-effect.
- Demonstrate appropriate preparation to participate in outdoor field activities in the winter.
- Plan field activities and select and use appropriate equipment to conduct the field activities.
- Select appropriate clothing and equipment for winter weather.
- Demonstrate safe and appropriate behavior while conducting field activities.
- Identify organisms and their activities in the field.
- Measure and characterize physical environmental characteristics.
- Report the results of outdoor studies conducted during the class.
- Describe why we have a seasonal climate and how winter is different from other seasons.
- Describe how the tilt of the earth’s axis and the earth’s movement contribute to the seasonal nature of our climate.
- State major physical environmental changes that characterize winter.
- Describe the impact of various kinds of precipitation on organisms during winter.
- Describe structural, physiological, and behavioral adjustments organisms make to survive winter.
- Describe how annual, biennial and perennial herbaceous plants survive winter.
- State the different mechanisms used by woody perennials to avoid damage during winter.
- Compare deciduous and coniferous trees and the mechanisms they use to survive winter.
- Characterize the different strategies used by poikilotherms, homeotherms and hibernators to survive winter.
- Describe changes that occur in ecosystems during winter.
- Describe how populations of organisms change during winter.
- State examples of changed behavior of animals that is related to winter.
- Describe reasons why ecosystems are simplified during winter.
- Relate the reproductive cycles of organisms to seasonal climates that include a winter period.
- Describe how living organisms, non-living matter, and energy are interconnected.
- Identify the abiotic and biotic factors in an ecosystem.
- Describe the niche concept.
- List components of an ecosystem.
- Describe the role of producer, herbivore, carnivore, scavenger, parasite, and decomposer in an ecosystem.
- Describe energy flow in an ecosystem.
- Relate the concept of food web an flood chain to trophic levels.
- Recognize that the process of natural selection operates to refine the fit between an organism and its habitat.
- Describe various factors that influence the kind of biotic community that will develop in a region of the world.
- Identify physical and biological characteristics of the temperate deciduous forests, boreal forests and tundra.
- Relate the physical environment of temperate deciduous forest, boreal forest, and tundra to kinds of plants and animals that live in the regions.
- Perform writing tasks to promote learning.
- Write effectively for a specific audience and purpose.
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