Sep 17, 2021
AST 111L - Astronomical InvestigationCredits: 1
Instructional Contact Hours: 2
Provides a variety of introductory investigations through laboratory experiments to enhance knowledge of introductory astronomy including celestial coordinates, planetary motion, astronomical laws, telescopes, scale of the solar system, stellar distances, evolution and other astronomical concepts. Identifies many constellations and stars in the current night sky.
Prerequisite(s): READING LEVEL 2 and WRITING LEVEL 2 and MATH LEVEL 2. Concurrent enrollment in AST 111 recommended, but not required.
Lecture Hours: 0 Lab Hours: 30
Meets MTA Requirement: Natural Science Lab
Outcomes and Objectives
- Demonstrate an understanding of the night sky.
- Demonstrate the use of scientific notation, angular measure, astronomical measurements and terminology.
- Explain how the sun, the moon, and the stars appear to change their positions from night to night and from month to month.
- Describe how our time keeping and seasons are tied to the changing sky.
- Explain the celestial sphere and the system of celestial coordinates of the sky (horizon and equator systems).
- Demonstrate how to read star maps.
- Demonstrate understanding of planetary motion.
- Describe the motion of the planets as seen from the earth and as viewed in the solar system.
- Discuss how the observed motion of the planets led to our modern view of a sun-centered solar system (heliocentric model).
- Apply Kepler's laws to explain planetary motion.
- Describe the mathematical concept of gravity and how it relates to planetary motion.
- Demonstrate understanding of telescopes.
- Describe the basic types and operation of optical telescopes.
- Construct and assemble a working telescope.
- Demonstrate understanding of radiation.
- Determine the temperature of an object by observing the radiation it emits.
- Apply the basic concepts of modern spectroscopy.
- Describe how every element produces a distinctive and recognizable pattern of spectral lines.
- Identify the different spectra and how they are produced.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the solar system.
- Describe the similarities and differences among the four terrestrial worlds.
- Compare and contrast the basic differences between the terrestrial and the Jovian planets.
- Describe the similarities and differences among the four Jovian worlds.
- Compute the scale size of the planets and their distances in the solar system by modeling.
- Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of stars.
- Use triangulation to compute the distance to objects in space.
- Describe the mechanism by which stars shine.
- Determine stellar distances by use of stellar luminosity.
- Describe the difference between absolute and apparent brightness.
- Demonstrate how stars are categorized according to their brightness and surface temperature (Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram).
- Describe stellar evolution (formation, life, and death of a star).
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